Formerly 'Buonaparte' (1769-1821)
Emperor of France
As Napoleon's reign fluctuated, so did his signature. The variance of the rhythm in the middle zone reveals the impact of his distrust, and anxiety regarding the outcome of particular battles. As Emperor, this great military mind used a thrusting, aggressive NP to represent his sense of power, limiting his willingness to include others in his decision-making.
Napoleon's handwriting reflects his disturbance as illustrated by the loss of rhythm in the middle zone. The first signature was written at the height of his power, and the following signatures show his decline. The last signature falls over in defeat.