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Andrew Cunanan's

Andrew Cunanan's Signature on Pawn Form

Cunanan's Energy Patterns
as described in Danger Between The Lines

Guide to using this analysis format:

The analysis below is not meant to be a full or general analysis of a personality because it focuses only on the dangerousness potential. The information provided in the manual should be used only as a tool to validate or supplement the usual methods that the law enforcement, security, and mental health field professionals are currently using. The style of this analysis is annotative and provides references in dark red, (e.g. "D-13") to passages within the analyst's book "Danger Between the Lines". We also have a link to a narrative version, but which lacks the specificity of the annotated reference. The graphological indications are highlighted in blue and italicised. To view a narrative description of this analysis, click on the word "narrative" in the abstract.


At first glance the signature seems like an average handwriting sample, much as the man may have appeared. On closer examination, the writer has subtle, negative combinations that far outweigh the positive or inhibiting qualities. With only a signature to work with we are seeing the man only at this obviously very disturbed time in his life. You can click on narrative to view a partial profile as derived from this analysis.

Displaced Pressure
(Throughout the Signature)

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: Indicates inappropriate release and utilization of mental, emotional, and/or physical energies. The personality tends to be lacking in resilience and elasticity, since the upstroke suggests a forced expression of energies. Sometimes the writer has trouble expressing himself in a "normal" sexual manner and may direct libidinal forces into external activity. Such activity can be explosive if the upstrokes are especially heavy and if accompanied by other dangerous signs.

Irregular Baseline
(In His Last Name Especially)

Psychological implications: Irregular baselines indicate moodiness. This suggests immaturity and labile, unpredictable reactions and behavior. If the baseline is very wavy, the writer may fluctuate between conscious and subconscious material, or between fact and fantasy.

Erratic Pressure
(Throughout, Tic: 'p'; Tic: 'c'; On Upswing of Letters; Top: 'r')

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: Highly irregular pressure suggests erratic impulses and uncontrolled emotional responses and urges. Sudden bursts of energy (often sexual) occur according to the preponderance of pressure fluctuation. The writer is apt to be emotionally labile, sometimes nervous. Check for health problems, such as physical exhaustion, emotional problems, and possible psychosis (if extreme).

Unexpected Angles
(The Oval on Signature, 'A' Bottom)

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: Loops or circle letters that have a squared or angled look suggest a lack of sensitivity to others' feelings and may indicate a harsh, crude, and/or brutal individual, when found in combination with other indications of dangerousness. Angled circle letters also imply internal tension or frustration.

X Formations
(Top of Signature, UZ of 'A')

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: X formations in the handwriting show the writer likes conflict and competition. This fighting spirit may be on an intellectual level if the writer is educated or of refined tastes; if not educated or if more physically-oriented, the writer will be inclined to fight on a physical level. X formations may also indicate thoughts, worries, or fantasies about death, either regarding other people or the writer himself. If this is noted repeatedly, it may indicate a pervasive characterological attachment to thoughts about death. X structures in the upper zone are generally less dangerous than when found the lower zone, unless other intensifying signs are present. An X-ed signature or personal pronoun I is especially significant.

(Lead in 'P' & 'C')

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: Tics suggest anger, hostility, irritability and frustration, depending on their relative strength when compared to other writing strokes. They suggest the tendency to easily lose one's temper, according to their frequency, and especially on the amount of pressure used in writing the stroke. The writer of tics has a short fuse and can fly off the handle at the least provocation. With other negative indicators and with lack of control strokes, this is an especially violent sign. When tics are seen in the personal pronoun I and/or signature, a pervasive characterological anger (conscious or unconscious) is suggested. Such tics indicate a disturbance in the person's self-concept, depending upon the nature of the distortion.

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Strokes Jut Below the Line
(First 'A'; Last 'n')

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: May indicate hidden aggression or sneaky, behind-the-scenes activities. The person has a beneath-the-surface, covert, subtle, indirect approach. These strokes connote psychological understanding of unconscious motivations, which can be utilized either positively or negatively, depending on other signs. It is sometimes seen in the writing of detectives, vice squad, spies, therapists, or criminals.

Letters Dropped Below Baseline
(Signature: A, d, n, n)

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: Letter structures that drop below the established baseline may be an indication of unpleasant unconscious urges and desires affecting the individual's value or belief system and behavior. These urges and desires may not be expressed or acknowledged openly, and therefore actions are likely to be hidden and subversive. A personal pronoun I that drops below the baseline is especially significant.

Distorted Upper Zone
(Twisted Top of Signature: 'A' in UZ)

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: Thinking and morals may be distorted or strange. The writer may twist ideas or morals to fit his behavior or to justify his actions.

Increasing Size
(Last Name: Signature)

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: Handwriting that increases in size suggests a verbally blunt person-someone who lacks tact. It points toward a lack of refined social skills and implies that the writer attempts to overcompensate for a basic feeling of inferiority. If the change in size occurs rapidly, it may indicate instability and/or a tendency to suddenly lose control, depending upon the frequency and intensity of the size increase. When final letters suddenly grow large, the writer is apt to express his opinions strongly and may want to have the last word.

Overly Connected Writing
(Total Signature)

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: Compulsive tendencies are indicated. The tendency is to recognize cognitive information only, relying heavily on orderly and systematic thinking and not trusting one's intuition. The writer has the ability to think strategically and can plod ahead doggedly. If the person is prone to violence his acts are likely to be planned rather than expressed impulsively. He may have difficulty stopping once he is on a project or idea. "Trapped in one's train of thought." (Amend and Ruiz, 1992)

Increasing Slant
(Last Name — Signature)

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: A tendency to become increasingly emotional and less objective as the writer becomes more involved with a person, project or activity. If such a writer is prone to criminal activity, he is likely to start out cool but he soon loses his level-headedness and gives way to feeling.

Uphill Baseline

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: Uphill baselines indicate a positive mood and an optimistic outlook. If the lines rise steeply on the page, the person may be restless, manic, or perhaps unrealistically optimistic. Rising lines add to energy and ambition. Uphill baselines add energy to the person's expressions, whether positive or negative.

"Shark's Teeth"
(Three n's in Last Name)

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: Suggests unmet emotional hunger often resulting in covert "using" of other people. Connotes devious behavior, manipulation, and indirect communication. The person is cunning, astute, crafty, or sly and may use sneaky maneuvering to get his "hooks" into you. This is characteristic of people whose business it is to profit through other people's credulity-confidence men, for example. When a naive person and a shark's tooth writer meet, the former is in for some quiet, systematic, and pitiless bloodletting. The shark's tooth can bite.

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Forward-thrust Strokes
(Many Such Strokes: A, d, c, C, n, N)

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: Strokes that have a decidedly forward thrust imply aggressiveness and/or initiative (forward movement). The heavier and longer the thrust, the more energy is denoted. When a forward-thrust stroke is seen above the baseline, mental initiative is usually suggested. Physical aggressiveness is implied when the stroke thrusts forward below the baseline. Writers of such strokes employ considerable energy in their activities, whether positive or negative.

Unique Structures
(Signature: 'A')

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: Unique or unusual handwriting formations indicate an unusual thinking style. Unique thinking can be a blessing or a curse, depending on other handwriting characteristics, which must be evaluated carefully. It may indicate talents and uniquely creative abilities OR pathological obsessions, especially when found consistently; the writer may be "crazy" or creative. The individual's thinking, philosophy, and/or behavior may be altered to serve his or her own emotional needs.

Very Tall 't' and 'd' Stems
('d' Stem Tall Compared to its Circle)

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: Suggests vanity, an overestimation of one's own worth and abilities. The person expects praise and recognition, whether it has been earned or not, tends to think that rules do not apply to him, and may exhibit pomposity, grandiosity, or arrogance. He or she is defended, susceptible to flattery or criticism, and may criticize other people in order to look "better than."

Initial Hooks
(Initial Stroke of 'A' in Signature)

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: Prone to acquisitiveness-a desire to possess. Small hooks indicate trivial desires, while larger hooks indicate large or global acquisitions. If this is a relatively strong trait, it might imply ambitious desires. When negative traits are suggested, acquisitiveness, if strong enough, could be motivation for crime.

Erratic Midzone Size
(Consistent Changing; d-Circle Squeezed Shut)

PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS: Unstable mid-zone size suggests a proneness to hypersensitivity which relates to a fluctuating self-image. Unstable responses and inner conflict are implied. The writer is easily affected by outside influences and may therefore be a "barometer" for the feelings of others. When the midzone size is erratic and signs of dangerousness are present, the person will be unpredictable in the expression of his criminal behavior.

Mr. Cunanan's signature, as utilized for this evaluation, came at a time when he was on the run, at a time when his life was considerably disturbed. It reflects his personality and behavior at this critical juncture so that elements of his behavior could have been modified in other situations or at other times.

Guest Analyst: Kimon Iannetta
Reference: Danger Between The Lines, Revised 2000

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