Primary Danger Indicator



      Muddy handwriting illustrates compulsive and uncontrollable indulgence in sensual and libidinal urges, and the possibility of an impending explosion (inner or outer). They may also show that intrusive thoughts are affecting the writing form. Muddiness in the lower zone may indicate emotional blocks. If mud is seen in the personal pronoun I and/or the signature, a disturbed self-concept is indicated. Check for physical illness. If no physical illness is present, dangerousness may well be indicated.


      Circles or loops filled with ink, excessive deposits of ink or pencil caused by the writer (not by the pen), and an overall muddy appearance to the handwriting. Commonly found in reworked areas of the handwriting, leaving the script splotched or blotchy.


15-Muddiness: Zodiac - California Serial Killer 

Zodiac: California serial killer. Commited five known killings and seriously wounded two other victims between 1968 and 1969. His victims were shot or stabbed cold-bloodedly and apparently without motive. To date the Zodiac killer has not be apprehended.

15-Muddiness: Dr. Buck Ruxton - Murdered 'wife' and her maid

Dr. Buck Ruxton: Anglicized name of a Bombay doctor. In 1928 took Isabella Van Ess into his home and, although not married, she called herslf Mrs. Ruxton. Their relationship was astormy one and they quarreled often. He accused her of "infidelity" and she sought police protction twice. "Mrs. Ruxton" and her maid disappeared in 1935 and pieces of their bodies were subsequently discovered under a bridge. Ruxton was found guilty of murder and hanged in May 1936.

15-Muddiness: Charles Manson - Coined Phrase "Helter Skelter" 

Charles Manson: Hippie leader of the "Family," members of which committed the brutal Tate-La Bianca killings in 1969. Manson, who declared himself a savior, had a strange hypnotic power over his followers, younf social dropouts he called disciples. Convinced that Russian nuclear missles would fall on America, Manson dreamed of establishing a fallout-free hideout in the Mojave desert. He ordered his disciples to arm themselves with knives and guns in readiness for doomsday, which he dubbed Helter Skelter. Manson envied the rich and successful and made up a list of enemies ("pigs") who would perish anyway when Helter Skelter was in full swing. In addition to the Tate slayings, Manson ordered the killings of Leo and Rosemary La Bianca for the purpose of further terrorizing the "pigs." The exact number of the Family's victims is uncertain, but may be as high as 35.

4-Muddiness: Nepoleon Bonaparte - Emperor of France

Nepoleon Bonaparte: 1769-1821. Emperor of France, 1804-1815.